4 Types of Construction Jobs
Are you interested in a career in the construction industry? There is a wide range of construction jobs available to choose from. We will discuss 4 of them in this article.
1. Construction workers
Construction workers (also known as construction laborers) work on construction sites. They are responsible for a number of on-site tasks, such as removing debris, erecting scaffolding, loading and unloading building materials, and assisting with operating heavy equipment.
To be successful in this position, you will work well as part of a team, enjoy working outdoors, and be able to perform strenuous physical tasks.
Construction Worker Responsibilities:
- Preparing construction sites, materials, and tools.
- Loading and unloading of materials, tools, and equipment.
- Removing debris, garbage, and dangerous materials from sites.
- Assembling and breaking down barricades, temporary structures, and scaffolding.
- Assisting contractors, e.g. electricians and painters, as required.
- Assisting with transport and operation of heavy machinery and equipment.
- Regulating traffic and erecting traffic signs.
- Following all health and safety regulations.
- Digging holes, tunnels, and shafts.
- Mixing, pouring, and leveling concrete.
Construction Worker Job Requirements:
- No formal qualification is required, although a high school diploma may be preferred.
- Similar work experience may be beneficial.
- Licensure to work with hazardous materials may be required.
- Willingness to undertake training if necessary.
- Be mild-tempered and a team player.
- Be healthy, strong, and fit.
2. Construction Plant Operator
Plant operators use heavy machinery to dig, lift and move materials on building sites. They can dramatically change landscapes or install impressive structures in a short time. Plant operators usually specialise in one type of equipment, such as an excavator or giant crane, and need good spatial awareness to move large scale machinery.
Construction Plant Operator Duties and tasks
- Ensure work area safety
- Monitor plant and project operations
- Operate heavy equipment
- Prepare plant and equipment for operation
- Reading blueprints and sketches
- Servicing plant equipment
- Use proper attachments for the project
Construction Plant Operator Skills required
- Ability to operate heavy equipment and machinery
- Able to read blueprints
- Work well and closely with others
- Good communication skills
- Impeccable math skills
- Knowledge of construction procedures
- Understanding of safety procedures
3. CHealth and Safety Officer
Duties of the Health & Safety Officer include:
- Assist with the preparation of a construction health and safety plan
- Confirm necessary documentation was submitted to the relevant authorities
- Attend project planning meetings
- Assessments and approval of contractor(s) health and safety plans
- Attend the contractors site handover
- Attend regular site, technical and progress meetings
- Facilitate site health and safety meetings
- Identification of the hazards and risks relevant to the construction project through regular coordinated site inspections
- Establish and maintain health and safety communication structures and systems, distribution of health and safety specific documents to sub-contractors
General Requirements for Health & Safety Officer
- Recognized and appropriate health and safety qualifications
- Relevant experience in the health and safety industry, with specific detail on
- Knowledge, skill and experience by attending and passing a professional
The SACPCMP prescribes the registration of Construction Health and Safety Officers as a specified category in terms of section 18(1) (c) of the Act No. 48 of 2000. For additional detail about registration and services, see the website of The South African Council for the Project and Construction Management Professions (SACPCMP) (www.sacpcmp.org.za).
Construction drivers operate vehicles involved in the construction industry, such as forklifts, dump trucks, mixer trucks, asphalt rollers, crew buses and fuel trucks. While not driving, drivers may be expected to perform maintenance on their vehicles such as cleaning the interior and exterior, filling the gas tank or taking the vehicle to get scheduled repairs.
Construction Driver Responsibilities:
- Safely transporting products and materials to and from specified locations in a timely manner
- Safely transporting company staff to and from specified locations in a timely manner.
- Assisting with the loading and offloading of products and materials.
- Adjusting travel routes to avoid traffic congestion or road construction.
- Ensuring that the company vehicle is always parked in areas that permit parking in order to avoid towing or fines.
- Keeping the company vehicle clean and properly maintained by performing regular washing, cleaning and vehicle maintenance.
- Providing accurate log books of the company vehicle’s coming and goings.
- Reporting any accidents, injuries, and vehicle damage to management.
Construction Driver Requirements:
- 18 years or older.
- High school diploma preferred.
- Valid driver’s license.
- Clean driving record.
- Sound knowledge of road safety regulations.
- Working knowledge of local roads and routes.
- The ability to utilize maps, GPS systems, and car manuals.
- Effective communication skills.
- Punctual and reliable.